The World Bank and Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) have started collaborations in efforts to review the current Land Use Act laws and create enabling environment for the mortgage activities to succeed in the country.
The move aimed at enhancing housing delivery in the country is coming on the heels of an affirmation that Nigeria has about 16 million housing deficit, which needs to be closed.
The World Bank has already extended a $300 million lifeline credit to the country for the Nigerian Housing Finance Programme (NHFP) meant to boost mortgage finance and refinancing.
The credit line, announced by CBN yesterday, will provide a guarantee to allay the fears of the mortgage institutions about non-repayment by the beneficiaries.
Beside the guarantee by the apex bank, yesterday, the two financial institutions, in partnership with the Nigerian Mortgage Refinancing Company (NMRC) and the Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria (FMBN) as well as the Federal Ministry of Justice, flagged off the review of the Nigerian Land Use Act.
This was with a view to removing obnoxious clauses that impede investment in mortgages and create a fertile ground for growth, as is the case in other climes.
The law review, which started Monday at a two day workshop, is seeking a new model mortgage that will also address the knotty issues of foreclosure.
The brainstorming is under the theme: “Creating an enabling environment for the growth of the housing and mortgage sector: The need for land and law reform”.
The Director of Banks and Other Financial Institutions Supervision Department of CBN, Tokunbo Martins, said that the apex bank “is underwriting part of the $300 million risk of the NHFP.”
According to her, “CBN is the project implementing entity of the NHFP and the NHFP is meant to re-fund the primary and secondary markets for mortgages. It is a public-private partnership and we have a loan from the World Bank. So, CBN itself is not putting anything in directly.”
Corroborating her, the Head of Nigeria Housing Finance Programme domiciled in CBN and Head of the Implementation Team, Adedeji Jones Adesemoye, told journalists that “the major driver of the programme, NMRC, funds (N8.2 billion and N11.1 billion) from the Nigerian capital market to refinance the mortgages that have been financed by Primary Mortgage Institutions.”
Also speaking at the event, a Director at NMRC, Mrs. Chii Akporji, said modern mortgage basically requires certain steps that state governments need to take in order to create the enabling environment for mortgages and housing investment to thrive.
According to her, “there are number of steps, essentially looking at issues of land titling, property registration, instituting a foreclosure mechanism, that are the key things that state governments are asked to look into with a view to reforming it.”