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 Health & You:
Jan 04, 2014
By: Eze Nkeiruka Perpetua

Nigeria: -


Bad breath can also be called HALITOSIS, It occurs when unpleasant odour are exhaled in breathing .Bad breath originates in the mouth itself, its intensity differs during the day due to eating certain food. Since the mouth is exposed to less oxygen and is inactive during the night, the odour is usually worse in the morning when you wake up. Bad breath may disappear often following brushing ones teeth, rinsing with specialized mouth wash. This odour can be persistent or periodically depending on the cause.

In many people, the millions of bacteria that live in the mouth are the primary causes of bad breath. The moist and warm condition of the mouth makes an ideal environment for these bacteria to grow. Morning mouth bad breath are considered to be fairly normal because the saliva that regularly washes away decaying food and odour during the day time, diminishes at night while sleeping. The mouth becomes dry and dead cells adhere to the tongue and inside the cheeks. Bacteria use these cells for foods expelling compounds that have a foul odour.

Bad breath has variety of causes which are: Bacterial infections, Medical conditions and Medications, post nasal and poor hygiene. Bad breath comes from the gums and tongue caused by bacteria producing odour. Food like onions and garlic leaves a lasting odour in the mouth; they are absorbed in the blood streams. These odours are expelled from the lungs, mouth wash, chewing gum and toothpaste can only mask the odours until these foods are totally eliminated from the body.

Dry mouth resulting from taking anti-histamines for allergies or cold can cause dry mouth resulting to bad breath, localized infections, diabetes, gastrointestinal disturbances or liver or kidney ailments can cause bad breath. Tobacco products can cause bad breath. Poor hygiene resulting from infrequent or improper brushing can leave food particles to decay inside the mouth.

A person may not always know that he or she has bad breath. This phenomenon is because odour detecting cells in the nose eventually become accustomed to the constant flow of bad smells from the mouth. The most common symptoms of bad breath include bad breath smell ,bad taste ,dry mouth, coating  on the tongue, food debris trapped between the teeth ,gums may be red, swollen and bleed easily, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, a greenish or yellowish nasal discharge, mucus producing cough.


  1. Practice good  oral hygiene to include
  • Brush at least twice a day with fluoride tooth paste
  • Brush after meals
  • Brush the tongue
  • Use dental floss everyday
  • Dentures should be removed at night and cleaned thoroughly before being placed in your mouth.
  • See your dentist twice a year.
  1. Stop smoking or chewing tobacco based products
  2. Keep your mouth moist by drinking water and chewing sugarless gum or hardy candy to stimulate production of saliva.
  3. Avoid foods such as onions, garlic or fish which may cause bad breath.





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